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Akshaya Tritiya 2017 : Significance and Legend

Last Updated: 2/9/2017 2:47:11 PM

Akshaya Tritiya which is also known as Akha Teej will be marked on 28 April 2017. According to Hindu Calendar, it is celebrated on the third day of Vaishakha. The term Akshaya means ‘never diminishes’ and this day is meant to be an ideal one for commencement of new ventures.

It is said:

अस्यां तिथौ क्षयमुर्पति हुतं न दत्तं।
तेनाक्षयेति कथिता मुनिभिस्तृतीया।
उद्दिष्य दैवतपितृन्क्रियते मनुष्यैः।
तत् च अक्षयं भवति भारत सर्वमेव।

Meaning- Lord Krishna told Yudhishthir that dear king all kinds of charity and worships done on Akshaya Tritiya never diminish. Therefore, our saints and monks named it Akshaya Tritiya.

Each second of Akshaya Tritiya is auspicious. Although there are 3 and half 'Muhurats' mentioned in Hindu astrology and almanac when every second of the day is auspicious and one do not need to look for 'Muhurat'. These Muhurats are Gudi Padva, Akshaya Tritiya, Dashahara and Bali Pratipada. Akshaya Tritiya is one of them thus the day is ideal to begin new ventures. Only Bali Pratipada half day is auspicious. It is said that if this date falls on Monday under Rohini Nakshtra the fast is considered very fruitful. This date starts from Madhyam to Pradosh Kal.

Today, the positive waves of Lord Brahmaji and Sri Vishnu entered into the Earth from Paradise. So the purity of the Earth is enhanced by 10 percent on Akshaya Tritiya. So whosoever worship their God or Goddess on Akshaya Tritiya receives kind blessings with peace and prosperity. The charity of the day never diminishes. Due to the impact of fast of Akshaya Tritiya virtues of a man increases in multiple folds.

According to the Puranas, this day marks the beginning of the Treta Yug and Sat Yug. Akshaya Tritiya also marked the great significance of bath in Ganga. One should donate hand-fan, rise, sugar, Ghee, salt, tamarind, clothes etc. The charity of the day never diminishes.

The day also marks the opening of doors of Badrinath or one can also offer 'Bhog' of wet pulses and mishri to Lord Badrinath.

Devotee could also take a rare view of feet of lord Shri Vigraha at Shri Banke Bihari Mandir in Vrindavan. Hayagreeva also took avatar on Akshaya Tritiya. The birthday of Lord Parashurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu falls on this day. So the day is also marked as a 'Parashuram Avataran Diwas' or 'Parashuram Jayanti'. The tradition of donating sugar and sattu to Brahmins is also in practice on Akshaya Tritiya.

The legend behind Akshaya Tritiya

One day King Yudhisthira asked Lord Krishna- Oh dear God! I am very eager to know about Akshaya Tritiya. So please explain me the significance of Akshaya Tritiya. Lord Krishna replied- Dear King! Akshaya Tritiya is a very sacred date. One who observes the bathe before afternoon, jap, tap, havan, swadhyaya, pitra-tarpan and charity on this day got imperishable virtues.

Oh Yudhisthira! There was a Vaishya named Mahadev who was very poor, theist, virtuous and worshiper of cow, dev and brahmins. He was so worried due to his big family. He came to know the importance of Akshaya Tritiya from a pundit.

Mahadev follow the procedure of the fast. He took holy dip in the Ganga followed by offering to forefathers and deities. He also donate laddus of coconut, wheat, barley, watch, kalash, hand-fan, umbrella, rice, lentils, salt, Ghee, sugar, clothes, vegetables, tamarind, fruits, sattu, cucumber, watermelon and alms.

Mahadev was denied by his wife and relatives. He was also suffering from diseases due to his old age. But he was not deterred from his dharma and charity. And due to the impact of his fast he became the king of Kushavati Nagari.

Process of festival

One should worship Lord Vishnu after having early bath in the morning. One should do ‘Pitra-tarpan’ after performing havan and charity. One should do 'Apink- shrad’ on Akshaya Tritiya. One should arrange meal for Brahmins or should donate Til laddu. Kalash, hand-fan, lettuce (kakadi), cantaloupe (kharbuja), sattu, sugar, umbrella etc.

Akshaya Tritiya has also significance for women; the Gauri immersion also took place on this day. Haldi Kumkum is also celebrated on Akshaya Tritiya. On this day, women apply haldi-kumkum on married women (excluding widows) considering them Goddess and provide them gift.
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