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Islamic Yearly Calendar 2023: Islamic Holidays 2023

Author: Vijay Pathak | Last Updated: Wed 21 Sep 2022 4:39:49 PM

AstroCAMP is here with Islamic Yearly Calendar 2023. You can find a complete list of Muslim holidays, festivals and events in India and around the world by reading this Islamic Calendar.

Islamic Yearly Calendar 2023

Islam is the world's second-largest religion, has a large number of followers and is one of the world's fastest-growing religions. According to the religion, there is only one God, Allah, and Nabi Muhammad is the messenger of God. People who are followers of this belief are called Muslims. The Hijri or Islamic Calendar, is one of the most significant factors in maintaining Muslim culture. It is something that every Muslim will have in their home because it contains information on all significant dates.

यहाँ हिंदी में पढ़ें: इस्लामिक वार्षिक कैलेंडर 2023

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Islamic Yearly Calendar 2023 considers the Hijri Calendar to be of utmost significance since it reflects the ideals Islam embraces in the form of key holidays and anniversaries. It is also called the Muslim Calendar, Arabic Calendar, Hijri Calendar and Lunar Hijri Calendar in different parts of the world. A Lunar calendar Or the Hijri calendar's months start and end according to the moon's motions. The moon's departure indicates the month is coming to a close. Similar to the Gregorian calendar, the Islamic calendar has 12 months. In contrast to the 365–66 days of the conventional calendar, it has 354–55 days. Khalifa Umar ibn al-Khattab is credited with officially creating the Hijri calendar. This calendar began following the Prophet Mohammad's (PBUH) journey to Madina.

Name of the Islamic Months

01. Muharram (S) The first month of the Islamic calendar

02. Safar

03. Rabi-ul-Awwal (The month of the Holy Prophet’s birth, Hijrah and death.)

04. Rabi-ul-Thani

05. Jumada-al-Ula

06. Jumada-ath-Thani

07. Rajab (S)

08. Shaaban

09. Ramadan – In this month, the Holy Quran was begun to be revealed and this is the month in which the Muslims observe fast for 30 days.

10. Shawwal – Eid-ul Fitr is celebrated on the first day of this month

11. Dhul Qadah (Shia)

12. Dhul Hijjah (S) The Hajj is performed throughout this month and on the 10th day of this month, Eid-ul-Adha (Bakra-Eid) is Celebrated.

Now let's take a look at the Islamic Yearly Calendar 2023 below:

Event Hijri Date Gregorian Date
Start of Rajab (Sacred month) 1 Rajab 1444 AH 23 January 2023
Isra' Mi'raj 27 Rajab 1444 AH 18 February 2023
Start of Sha'ban 1 Sha'ban 1444 AH 21 February 2023
Nisfu Sha'ban 15 Sha'ban 1444 AH 7 March 2023
Start of Ramadan 1 Ramadan 1444 AH 23 March 2023
Start of Fasting Ramadan 1 Ramadan 1444 AH 23 March 2023
Nuzul-al Qur'an 17 Ramadan 1444 AH 8 April 2023
Laylat al-Qadr 27 Ramadan 1444 AH 18 April 2023
Start of Shawwal 1 Shawwal 1444 AH 21 April 2023
Eid ul-Fitr 1 Shawwal 1444 AH 21 April 2023
Start of Dhul-Qa'dah (Sacred month) 1 Dhul-Qa'dah 1444 AH 21 May 2023
Start of Dhul-Hijjah (Sacred month) 1 Dhul-Hijjah 1444 AH 19 June 2023
Wuquf in 'Arafa (Hajj) 9 Dhul-Hijjah 1444 AH 27 June 2023
Eid ul-Adha 10 Dhul-Hijjah 1444 AH 28 June 2023
Days of Tashriq 11, 12, 13 Dhul-Hijjah 1444 AH 29 June 2023
Start of Muharram (Sacred month) 1 Muharram 1445 AH 19 July 2023
Islamic New Year 1 Muharram 1445 AH 19 July 2023
Fasting 'Ashura 10 Muharram 1445 AH 28 July 2023
Start of Safar 1 Safar 1445 AH 18 August 2023
Start of Rabi' al-Awwal 1 Rabi' al-Awwal 1445 AH 17 September 2023
Mawlid (Birth) of the Prophet 12 Rabi' al-Awwal 1445 AH 28 September 2023
Start of Rabi' ath-Thani 1 Rabi' ath-Thani 1445 AH 16 October 2023
Start of Jumada al-Ula 1 Jumada al-Ula 1445 AH 15 November 2023
Start of Jumada al-Akhirah 1 Jumada al-Akhirah 1445 AH 14 December 2023
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Origin And Significance Of Islamic/Hijri Calendar

The second Caliph Umar began the Islamic Calendar in 16 AH/ 637 CECE. Since the Hijrah, the Prophet Muhammad's (SAW) relocation from Makkah to Madinah in 622 CE, was the first significant sacrifice made by the entire Ummah for the preservation of Islam during its formative years, it was chosen as the starting point of the Islamic Calendar. During that time, Hazrat Umar stated that "the Hijrah has purified reality from illusion, thus let it be the epoch of the era". The Hijri year inspires Muslims to make similar sacrifices by serving as a reminder of the ones made by the first Muslims. Muslims can stay connected to their roots and increase their understanding of their religion and history by regularly using the Hijri Calendar for acts of prayer and as a reference for significant historical events.

Islamic Days Of The Week

According to the Islamic Yearly Calendar 2023, the day starts at dusk. Every Muslim gathers at mosques on Fridays to pray. The day officially begins on what is referred to as a "gathering day," which corresponds to the lunar calendar. This is the justification for how Friday and Saturday or Thursday and Friday are recognised as official weekends in many Muslim countries, including Saudi Arabia and Egypt. The following table lists the Islamic Holidays in 2023:

No. Name Meaning Solar Day starting at 12:00 am
1 al-ʾAḥad the One Sunday
2 al-Ithnayn the Second Monday
3 ath-Thulāthāʾ the Third Tuesday
4 al-ʾArbiʿāʾ the Fourth Wednesday
5 al-Khamīs the Fifth Thursday
6 al-Jumʿah the Gathering Friday
7 as-Sabt the Seventh Saturday

Benefits Of Islamic Yearly Calendar 2023

The Hijri Islamic Yearly Calendar 2023 has many advantages for organizational and cultural reasons. Here are a few examples:

  • Muslim holidays in 2023 (including Eid) can be planned ahead of time with the use of the Islamic Yearly Calendar 2023, which also enables the people to arrange celebrations.

  • You may schedule all of the significant events such as birthdays, anniversaries, and weddings, using the calendar, and you can keep track of the major religious and cultural holidays coming soon.

  • One learns about the nature of the calendar and keeps up with the planetary motion of the Moon by using the Hijri Calendar 2023, which is based on the motion and phases of the Moon.

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Muslim's Most Important Holidays in 2023

The following are some major Muslim holidays to be noted in 2023:

Ramadan (Islamic month of Fasting)

To purify themselves and uphold high moral standards, Muslims fast every day from dawn to dusk during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Islam's holy book, the Qur'an, is said by Muslims to have been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad during the month of Ramadan by God through the angel Gabriel.

Eid ul-Fitr (End Of Ramdan)

Muslims observe this three-day festival, which marks the end of Ramadan, with special prayers, treats, gifts for children, and neighborhood celebrations.

Hajj (Annual Pilgrimage to Mecca)

Several rituals are performed at the Hajj, which is an annual trip to Mecca, to represent important Islamic beliefs including dedication to God, companionship, and oneness. The Hajj ceremonies also honor the struggles of the Prophet Abraham and his family. A Muslim must perform the Hajj once during his or her lifetime, provided they have the means to do so. Annually, two to three million Muslims travel on this pilgrimage.

Eid ul-Adha (Festival of the Sacrifice)

This holiday lasts three days and begins on the third day of the Hajj. This Holiday honors the willingness of Abraham who was willing to sacrifice his son, who was miraculously replaced with a lamb. On this day Muslims sacrifice a lamb, goat or cow and distribute the meat with friends, family and the needy ones.

Muharram (The Islamic New Year)

The first day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar, is when the Islamic New Year begins. The Hijra or migration of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions from Mecca to Medina marked the beginning of the Islamic calendar. In Islamic history, this event is particularly significant since it signals the end of the time of persecution in Mecca and the change from an unrecognized faith community in Medina.


In accordance with the Islamic calendar, Ashura occurs on the tenth day of Muharram. The Prophet's grandson Husayn along with numerous other members of his family and associates, tragically martyred on this day in history. On this day, Shi'a and many Sunnis pay tribute to them by grieving for them and considering how their example can still serve as an inspiration to them today. A voluntary fast is typically observed by Sunnis on Ashura which also commemorates the anniversary of Moses' departure from Egypt and other significant prophetic events.


The Prophet Muhammad's birth anniversary is observed during this holiday. Sunnis celebrate the holiday on the 12th of Rabi' ul-Awwal, the third month of the Islamic calendar, whereas Shi'a celebrate it on the 17th of Rabi' ul-Awwal. Muslims frequently recall the Prophet's life and teachings, recite special prayers and hymns in his honor, and donate to the needy to mark the occasion. The occasion is observed with celebrations, lights and decorations in homes and cities in several nations having a majority of Muslims.

Laylat al-Qadr

The Night of Power is how Laylat al-Qadr is interpreted in English. Muslims across the globe commemorate this day as the night when the Qur'an was revealed to Prophet Muhammad and the first verses of the holy book Quran were read to him.

is all you need to know about the Islamic Yearly Calendar 2023. Wish you all a very happy new year and hope this article has benefited you in many ways!
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